Plantar fasciitis, the most common cause of heel pain, is an injury to the band of tissue that connects the heel to the toes. When this occurs, the tissue becomes weakened, inflamed, and swollen, causing pain when standing or walking. Learn more about the symptoms and causes of plantar fasciitis and how it can be diagnosed, treated, and prevented.
Causes of Plantar Fasciitis
This is a wear-and-tear condition caused by stress to the arch-supporting ligament. Plantar fasciitis is most common among people who are in the following categories:
- Are middle-aged
- Are younger but spend substantial time standing, walking, or running
- Have high arches or flat feet
- Roll the feet inward while walking, a condition called excessive pronation
- Are overweight
- Wear poorly fitting or worn-out shoes
- Have tight calf muscles or Achilles tendon
Plantar Fasciitis Diagnosis
If you’re experiencing foot pain, our doctor can determine whether it’s due to plantar fasciitis or another condition. In addition to heel pain, this condition is characterized by pain that is worse first thing in the morning or after sitting for a long period of time. It can also worsen after climbing stairs or long periods of standing. During your consultation, our doctor will observe you standing and walking, ask questions about your symptoms and your general health status and physical activity, and potentially take an X-ray to rule out other conditions that may cause pain, such as a stress fracture.
Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis
If you are diagnosed with this condition, the first order of business is often to rest your feet. Limit activities that cause pain, and avoid walking or running on hard surfaces. To relieve pain and swelling, ice the heel and take an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication. We may also recommend daily stretching exercises that can help loosen the ligament and heal inflammation. If your shoes are worn out, choose a new pair with a cushioned sole and plenty of arch support. Our doctor might fit you for orthotics, which are custom shoe inserts that can help relieve heel pain.
If pain persists after these conservative treatments, we can provide injections to help relieve your symptoms. Keep in mind, however, that because this is a stress injury that developed over time, it will take time and care to fully heal.
At Principled Healthcare Solutions, our specialists will work directly with you to help you tackle your plantar fasciitis. Contact our office in Hamilton to schedule your consultation and learn more about how we can help you.